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Controlling population in China, lowest birth rate for the first time in 7 decades

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Controlling population in China, lowest birth rate for the first time in 7 decades

Birth rates have been the lowest in China since the formation of the People’s Republic of China over 70 years ago. One such child has happened despite the relaxation of the policy. China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) gave this information on Friday.

The BBC quoted NBS as saying that the birth rate in 2019 was 10.48 percent per thousand. It also said that one crore 46 lakh 50 thousand children were born in 2019.

The birth rate of the country has been falling for years, which is a challenge before the world’s second largest economy.

NBS said that despite the falling birth rate, the death rate in China decreased to 1.4 billion in 2019 from 1.39 billion previously. In 1979, the Chinese government introduced a ‘one child policy’ nationwide. This was done to stop the population growth.

The BBC said that families who violated the rules had to face fines, lost employment and sometimes forced to have abortions. But this policy has been attributed to gender imbalance. According to 2019 figures, men outnumber women by more than three crore.

In 2015, the government abolished the One Child Policy and allowed the couple to have two children. But this improvement has not been effective in increasing the birth rate in the country.